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ven. 02/03/2018 Journal Club Dendy Présentation de Noemi De Pasquale Spatial metaphors we live by. Everyday transfers in language and thought.

Based   on   certain   assumptions   of   Western   philosophy,   metaphors   have   been traditionally  described  as  stylistic  devices  employed  in  literary  and  poetic  contexts  in order  to  fulfil  aesthetic  purposes.  Since  the  second  half  of  the  20th  century,  however, Cognitive  Linguistics  has  been  challenging  this  classical  view  by  reinterpreting  metaphors as  the  basis  of  the  whole  human  conceptual  system,  a  matter  of  thought  and  action  rather than a “mere”  figure  of speech. Ever  since  the  publication  of  the  first  important  study  in  the  field,  i.e.  Lakoff  & Johnson's   Metaphors  we  live  by  (1980),  on  which  this  presentation  is  largely  based, metaphor  has  become  one  of  the  most  fascinating  subjects  of  contemporary  research  in linguistics,  cognitive  sciences, philosophy  and  psychology, among  others. This  talk  aims  to  draw  a  preliminary  sketch  on  the  Contemporary  Theory  of    Metaphor (cf.  Lakoff  &  Johnson  1980;  Lakoff  1987,  1993;  Forceville  &  UriosAparisi  2009,  inter  alia), with  special  reference  to  the  transfers  from  the  source  domain  of  Space  and  Motion  to more  abstract  target  domains (e.g. Sound,  Time,  Emotions). After  an  introduction  on  the  features  and  operating  principles  of  conceptual  metaphors, I  will  present  some  spacerelated  patterns,  and  discuss  their  physical  and  experiential grounding  in  the  light  of  the  Embodied  Cognition  Theory  (cf.  Johnson  1987;  Lakoff  & Johnson 1999,  inter  alia). This  presentation  has  the  threefold  purpose  of  (1)  providing  an  introduction  on Cognitive  Metaphor,  (2)  examining  some  of  the  most  pervasive  spatial  metaphors  in  our everyday  language,  and  (3) preparing  the  ground  for  further  research in this domain. 

Johnson,  M.  (1987).  The  body  in  the  mind:  The  bodily  basis  of  meaning,  imagination,  and  reason. Chicago: University  of Chicago  Press. 
Lakoff,  G.  (1987).  Women,  fire,  and  dangerous  things:  What  categories  reveal  about  the  mind. Chicago: University  of Chicago  Press. Lakoff,  G.  (1993).  The  contemporary  theory  of  metaphor.  In  A.  Ortony  (Ed.),  Metaphor  and thought  (pp. 202251). 2nd  ed. Cambridge: Cambridge  University  Press.
Lakoff,  G.  &  Johnson,  M.  (1980).  Metaphors  We  Live  By.  Chicago:  University  of  Chicago Press.
Lakoff,  G.  &  Johnson,  M.  (1999).  Philosophy  in  the  Flesh:  The  Embodied  Mind  and  Its  Challenge to  Western  Thought.  New  York: Basic.
UriosAparisi,  E.  &  Forceville,  C.  J.  (2009).   Multimodal  Metaphor.  Berlin:  Mouton  de Gruyter.


ven. 02/03/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Typologie sémantique
Frank Seifart (DDL)
ISH - salle Ennat Léger

Dressing and undressing events cross-linguistically

In this talk I present ongoing work in collaboration with Sara Mitschke and Hans-Jörg Bibiko, which explores the linguistic categorization of events of putting on and taking off clothes and accessories. This study is based on responses of 5 speakers each from 30 different languages to stimulus material consisting of 32 short video clips. The main results of this study are: Firstly, languages vary drastically in the degree of linguistic differentiation of these events, which may be related to typological characteristics such as verb- vs. sattelite frame). Secondly, putting-on events are far more differentiated than taking-off events, reflecting the source-goal asymmetry. And thirdly, tight vs. loose fit is an important distinction in this semantic domain.


ven. 09/03/2018 Séminaire Acquisition bilingue du langage
ISH - Ennat Léger

Heather Dyche "Les processus cognitifs d’une tache d’imitation : Un modèle de la perception et l’imitation en L2"


lun. 12/03/2018 Journal Club Dendy Présentation de V. Boulenger

Présentation de V. Boulenger des articles Stephens et al. 2010 PNAS et Pérez et al. 2017 Scientific Reports sur les interactions sous l'angle d'approche des neurosciences.
Les articles sont disponibles sur tsetse \\tsetse\DDL\Axe - DENDY\Articles_pdf


ven. 16/03/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe - Extension de la transitivité
ISH, salle Frossard

Amanda Delgado (Universiteit Leiden) : "Aspect, auxiliaries, and polarity in Yokot'an split alignment" Mayan languages have as a major typological characteristic an ergative alignment system. Yokot'an exhibit three patterns for coding grammatical relations: (i) ergative pattern, (ii) split ergative alignment-motivated by aspect and (iii) agentive pattern-motivated by semantic roles (Agent-Patient). Quizar and Knowles (1990:306), Gutierrez and Zavala (2005:1) and Osorio (2005:27) argued that polarity motivates the split pattern. I will point out that aspect, the presence of auxiliaries and polarity are factors involved in split alignment in Yokot'an.

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mar. 20/03/2018 Atelier Histoire et Ecologie des Langues - Véronique Lacoste. Haitian English in the Canadian diaspora
ISH-Ennat Leger

Sociolinguistic research in Canada has recently focused on ethnolinguistic variation in Toronto English and more generally on how Canadian English is changing, and to what extent immigrant communities established in the country play a part in this change and how they contribute to its linguistic diversity. This article, based on the Toronto Haitian English project, provides a variationist study of some aspects of the English phonological repertoire used by Canadians of Haitian origin living in the Toronto area. The data comes from sociolinguistic interviews of 24 Haitian Canadians conducted by a local Torontonian and includes two categories of English speakers: 1. informants who live in Toronto or in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and were born in Haiti, both their parents are Haitian and their native tongue is not English and 2. informants who live in Toronto or in the GTA and were born in Toronto or elsewhere in Canada, both their parents are Haitian and their native tongue or dominant language is English or they have native-like competence in English. The analysis concerns a set of realisations for some phonological variables like dental fricatives, intervocalic phoneme /t/ and phoneme /ɹ/ in correlation with a set of social variables like age, gender, occupation, and number of years spent in Toronto. Statistical results reflect variants characteristic of Standard Canadian English but also variants found typically in francophone speakers of English or those transferred from Haitian Creole or French. Other phonetic variants match those found in the speech of Anglophone Caribbean speakers also established in the Toronto area. Haitian speakers whose English is their dominant language were found to produce a majority of mainstream Canadian English features. The results for speakers in category 1 reflect Haitian Canadians’ sociocultural and sociolinguistic situation of “in-betweens” in the Canadian diaspora exhibiting both a sense of identity preservation with respect to the host society and towards their ‘Haitianity’. The data analysis, however, does not lead to the suggestion that a Haitian English variety is emerging in the Toronto area, which may be partly explained by the current lack of strong community ties and a relatively young settlement in the city, and also due to very diverse individual socio-historical and migratory trajectories.

ven. 23/03/2018 Réunion Interne
Atelier R en pratique
Salle E. Leger

L’objectif de cet atelier est de permettre aux personnes qui n’utilisent que très peu R de mettre la main à la pâte sur un exercice pratique. Nous reverrons les fonctions vues l’année passée.


lun. 26/03/2018 Réunion Interne
Conseil de laboratoire

ven. 30/03/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe - Extension de la transitivité
ISH, salle Léger

Sylvia Tufvesson (MPI Nijmegen): The role of transitivity in syntactic alignment in Semai (Austroasiatic, Malaysia) Short abstract: This talk will address the role of transitivity in syntactic alignment in Semai, an Austroasiatic language of Peninsular Malaysia. I will examine the importance, or non-importance, of transitivity in case marking of the clausal subject. Current data and analysis suggest an alignment pattern split between ergative and active. In addition to a potential split in alignment, Semai makes a fundamental distinction between active events (processes) versus inactive events (states and completed events). This split strongly resembles a division between situation types/aspect. The relation between a split in alignment and that between situation types will also be examined.

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