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lun. 28/05/2018 Séminaire du laboratoire
10h - 12h
ISH - Espace Marc Bloch

TBA


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mer. 30/05/2018 Réunion Interne
Conseil de Laboratoire
10h-12h
ISH
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mer. 30/05/2018 Effets comportementaux et corrélats neurofonctionnels d'une thérapie basée sur l'action dans l'aphasie chronique.
14h-15h
ISH, salle Marc Bloch
Conférence de :
  • Edith Durand (Laboratoire Ansaldo – CRIUGM, Université de Montréal, et Centre de Recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Canada)
dans le cadre DENDY

L’aphasie est un trouble acquis du langage survenant suite à une lésion cérébrale, dont l’anomie, ou manque du mot, est le symptôme le plus fréquent et persistant. L’anomie peut affecter toutes les catégories grammaticales. Les recherches ont longtemps ciblé la récupération des noms, alors que les thérapies concernant la récupération des verbes restent rares. Pourtant, les verbes jouent un rôle essentiel dans la production d’énoncés. Les données de la littérature ont montré que la production de verbes d’action activait des aires semblables à celles activées lors de la réalisation de cette même action. Pour bénéficier de ce lien existant entre action et langage, nous avons développé une thérapie combinant trois stratégies sensorimotrices en vue de faciliter la récupération de la capacité à nommer des verbes d’action chez des personnes aphasiques chroniques avec anomie des verbes modérée à sévère.
La première partie de l’exposé présentera les principes de cette thérapie. La seconde partie ciblera les résultats comportementaux obtenus auprès d’un groupe de personnes atteintes d’aphasie chronique, ainsi que les corrélats neurofonctionnels obtenus en IRM fonctionnelle.


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ven. 01/06/2018 Séminaire DTT - Conférence de Maurice Pico (Universiteit Leiden)
The feedback between syntax and functions of determiners in Yokot'an
14h-16h
ISH - Salle Berty Albrecht

The purpose of this talk is to discuss my ongoing research of the NP in Yokot'an (a Mayan language of the Cholan branch spoken in Mexico), situating the grammaticalization of the article ni within the wider context of NP syntactic structure.

It has been proposed that definite articles in the Cholan branch have raised through syntactic reanalysis of clefted (complex) clauses into dislocated (simplex) clauses (Becquey 2014, building on Mora-Marin 2009). This involves an implicit adjustment of the NP syntactic integrity whereby a non-verbal clefted predication is now reinterpreted as a single “articled” NP constituent preceded by a demonstrative-like focus marker. This interaction between information structure, clausal structure and NP structure leads to the following questions. What should count as an article? And what is the mutual feedback between function and the syntactic distribution of nominal determiners?

Following ideas by Himmelman (1997) on the link between article grammaticalization and the emergence of the syntactic structure in NPs, I wish to explore the relation between the syntactic structure of the NP in Yokot'an and the functionality of deictic enclitics, demonstratives and the definite article.

References

Becquey, Cédric. 2014. Diasystème, Diachronie. Études comparées dans les langues cholanes. PhD Dissertation, Utrecht: LOT.

Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. 1997. Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase: Zur Emergenz Syntaktischer Struktur. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Mora-Marín, David F. 2009. The reconstruction of the Proto-Cholan demonstrative pronouns, deictic enclitics, and definite articles. Transactions of the Philological Society 107(1), 98-129.


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ven. 08/06/2018 Axe DENDY- Séminaire Acquisition Bilingue du Langage Présentation de Cathy Cohen and Anna Ghimenton 'A longitudinal and multidimensional account of language practices: What factors account for changes in the family language policies?'
10h30 - 12h00
ISH - Ennat Léger

Family language policy (FLP) has been defined as “explicit and overt planning in relation to language use within the home among family members” (King, Fogle & Logan-Terry 2008, 907). Yet, language practice patterns are not static and may evolve over time between different family members, in response to changing language contact and exposure patterns (Spolsky 2008). For this paper, we draw from data collected in an ongoing five-year longitudinal study exploring the impact of exposure and input in bilingual acquisition and development in French-English bilingual children (middle to high SES families) in the Anglophone section of an international state school in France. To enter the school, children require at least near-native English proficiency, while non-French-speaking children attend French as a foreign language classes for several hours a week. Participants are drawn from two classes: 1) 21 children in 1st grade; 2) 33 children in 5th grade. Three main family profiles are present in the sample: 1) children with two Anglophone parents (EE); 2) children with two Francophone parents who have lived in an English-speaking environment before returning to France (FF); 3) children with one Anglophone and one Francophone parent (EF). Certain children have had bilingual exposure from birth whilst others started with monolingual exposure and came into contact with a second language at a later stage in their development. Parent questionnaires provide data on family background and children’s language exposure from birth. Parents are also asked to self-evaluate their language skills in French and English. Individual interviews with parents provide crucial insights into family dynamics and factors which may lead to changes in language choice and interactional strategies. Semi-structured interviews with each child provide further data on participants’ language biographies (Simon 2014) and current language strategies with family members. This paper aims at exploring the different factors influencing the FLPs from children’s birth to the present within the different family profiles. We focus on how each member of the family (fathers, mothers and children) negotiates and contributes to the shifts in language practices. For instance, we question how language use patterns evolve and how these changes may be accounted for.


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mar. 12/06/2018 Head-Modifier Relations in Verb-Verb Compounds: A Preliminary Typology
by Alexei Vinyar (ASLAN visitor & National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscou)
14h00-15h30
ISH, André Frossard

In this talk, I would like to discuss my preliminary typological study of Head-Modifier relations in verb-verb compound construction (VCC further). In my definition, a VCC is a serial verb construction (SVC) whose elements are strictly contiguous (1-3). My study focuses on two problems highlighted by previous research on SVCs: the principles determining the order of the VCC components and the propensity of certain SVCs/VCCs to grammaticalize.

(1) Saliba, Austronesian family (Multinesia)
ye-tu-dobi-ei-Ø
3SG-throw-go.down-APP-3SG.O
‘He threw it down’. (Margetts 1999: 126)

(2) =|Hoan, Kxa family (Africa)
ma ?ko?e na ka ?hoam-?hoam c?a
1SG still ITIN SUB jog come
‘While I still was coming jogging’. (Collins & Gruber 2014: 169)

(3) Chimalapa Zoque, Mixe-Zoquean family (North America)
pice?ho? d?s? d?=min-t??-ke?t-pa
thus 1PRN 1A=come-want-REPET-INC
‘That’s why I want to come back again’. (Johnson 2000: 237)

In the introductory part of my talk I will briefly discuss the concepts I use and the constructions I investigate in my study and how these concepts differ from the ones used by Aikhenvald & Dixon (2006) and Haspelmath (2016).

The second part of my talk is devoted to the ordering of the VCC components. For the data I have, I argue that the order of verbs in the VCCs with cognition and desire verbs (3) correlates with the order in object-verb and incorporation constructions. However, the order of verbs in Manner-of-Motion VCCs (2) and Directional VCCs (1) is semantically-influenced and is ‘ignorant’ to other syntactic structures.

In the third part of my talk, I focus on the grammaticalization of the VCCs I studied. I discuss previous claims (see Aikhenvald 2006; Bisang 2009) about the role of SVCs/VCCs in grammaticalization and how these claims can be applied to my results.



References
Aikhenvald, A. Y. (2006). Serial verb constructions in typological perspective. Serial verb constructions: A cross-linguistic typology, 1-68.
Aikhenvald, A. I., & Dixon, R. M. W. (Eds.). (2006). Serial verb constructions: A cross-linguistic typology (Vol. 2). Oxford University Press on Demand.
Bisang, W. (2009). Serial verb constructions. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3(3), 792-814.
Haspelmath, M. (2016). The serial verb construction: Comparative concept and cross-linguistic generalizations. Language and Linguistics, 17(3), 291-319.




mer. 13/06/2018 Atelier "Histoire et Ecologie des Langues"

Christophe Coupé, Francois Pellegrino & Dan Dediu: "Information transmission and the bio-cultural niche of language"
14h00-15h30
ISH-Ennat Leger

Language is universally used by all human groups, but this universality comes with very high levels of variation at all levels across the 7,000 or so languages (Evans & Levinson, 2009). For example, linguistic differences between Japanese and English result in a ratio of 1:11 in their number of distinct syllables, with consequently large variation in their Shannonian information per syllable. Recent work suggests that linguistic diversity is due not only to language-internal processes of change (Campbell, 2004), but is also influenced by external factors such as climate (Everett, Blasí, & Roberts, 2016), population genetics (Dediu & Ladd, 2007), socio-demography (Lupyan & Dale, 2016) etc. This reinforces the view that, on timescales spanning generations, languages locally adapt to specific physico-bio-cultural niches, further increasing linguistic diversity (Lupyan & Dale, 2016, Christiansen & Chater, 2008)

During the talk, we will show, using quantitative methods applied to a large cross-linguistic corpus, that the interplay between language-specific structural properties (as reflected by the amount of information per syllable) and speaker-level language production and processing (as reflected by speech rate) lead languages to gravitate around an optimal information rate of about 40bits/second. We will argue that this result highlights the intimate feedback loops between languages and their speakers, and supports a view of human language as the product of a niche construction process involving biology, environment and culture.




ven. 15/06/2018 Séminaire DTT - Conférence Natalia Aralova
Issues in the study of Negidal vowels
14h-16h
ISH - Salle André Frossard

In this talk I will describe the system of Negidal vowels and will show which problems I am encountering trying to establish its vowel inventory. I will present the first results of my acoustic study of Negidal vowels with a focus on the area of /o - ə - ɑː - a /, which show the most variation in my data. For example, the distributions of /ə/ and /o/ do not show a clear separation, reflecting extensive intra- and inter-speaker variation: the same lexeme with an /ə/ shows stronger labialization in certain instances than in the others both within and across speakers. This leads to difficulties with postulating the underlying vowels in some roots. Interestingly, a high degree of variation can also be found in the description of Cincius, who collected her data at the end of the 1920s, almost a hundred years ago.


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ven. 22/06/2018 Atelier "Méthodes" : évaluation "Orthophonie"
10h-12h
ISH - Salle Ennat Léger

• Chloé REPELLIN et Juliette BAILLET : SIB (Severe Impairment Battery) – Evaluation des patients atteints de la maladie d'Alzheimer à un stade avancé. • Cécile DRUART et Virginie D'ANGELO : épreuves expression et compréhension du protocole 20 mois de la batterie Evalo BB • Elise TIREL et Valentine HENRY : ECLA – Outil d’évaluation des compétences langagières chez les 3-6 ans • Nina DUREUX et Lise HAMEAU : LEXIS – manque du mot dans le cadre de l’aphasie




ven. 22/06/2018 Séminaire DTT - Conférence Francesca Di Garbo (U. de Stockholm)
On the distribution, evolution, and adaptation of linguistic complexity
Two studies in synchronic and diachronic typology
14h-16h
ISH - Salle André Frossard

In this talk I present my research on the typological study of linguistic complexity and its sociohistorical correlates.
In the first part of the talk, I present joint work with Kaius Sinnemäki (University of Helsinki) on methodological issues in sociolinguistic typology. We investigate what typological and sociolinguistic variables may be best suited to understand the relationship between language structures and social structures, and we test what methods of analysis may be most appropriate to capture this relationship.Our research shows that while there is evidence for adaptive patterns of language structures to the sociolinguistic environment (1) not all linguistic variables adapt, and (2) multiple sociolinguistic variables conspire to shape patterns of linguistic adaptation and their effects cannot be studied in isolation. We draw these conclusions based on a dataset of about 300 languages and on two case studies of morphological complexity in the verbal (degree of in ectional synthesis) and nominal (number of gender distinctions) domain.
In the second part of the talk, I present ongoing work with Annemarie Verkerk (Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History) on patterns of restructuring in the gender marking systems of the Bantu languages and their sociohistorical correlates. The project aims to develop a diachronic typology of Bantu gender marking systems, by addressing variation across the languages of the family, the distribution of this variation, and the patterns of language change that can be inferred to motivate it. We work on a sample of 254+ Bantu languages from zones A-B-C-D-H, where both traditional and heavily restructured gender systems have been attested (Maho 1999). Our fndings so far indicate that several Bantu gender systems have undergone animacy-based restructuring and that these patterns of restructuring can be classified into two types, partial and radical, depending on how pervasive animacy-based gender marking is. I frst illustrate the two types of restructuring with examples from selected languages, and comment on their geographic distribution within the sampled area. I then move on to how the emergence and distribution of such patterns of restructuring can be modeled using phylogenetic comparative methods and how these models compare with existing typological literature on the evolution of gender marking systems (Corbett 1979, 1991, 2006; Dahl 2000; Di Garbo & Miestamo forthcoming). Finally I discuss the socio-historical and geographical factors (e.g., demography, history of migrations, proximity to typologically similar and/or genealogically related languages) that may favor/disfavor the rise and spread of restructuring in this domain of grammar and within the Bantu family.

References

Corbett, Greville. 1979. The agreement hierarchy. Journal of Linguistics 15. 203-224.

Corbett, Greville. 1991. Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Corbett, Greville. 2006. Agreement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dahl, Östen. 2000. Animacy and the notion of semantic gender. In Barbara Unterbeck, Matti Rissanen, Tettu Nevalainen & Mirja Saari (eds.), Gender in grammar and cognition, 99-115. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Di Garbo, Francesca & Matti Miestamo. forthcoming. The evolving complexity of gender agreement systems. In Di Garbo, Francesca and Bernhard Wälchli and Bruno Olsson (ed.), Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity.

Maho, Jouni. 1999. A comparative study of Bantu noun classes. Göteborg: Orientalia et Africana Gothoburgensia dissertation. Acta universitatis gothoburgensia.


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jeu. 28/06/2018 5e Journée Langues Atlantiques
9h - 18h
Elise Rivet

Rencontres autour des langues atlantiques, séminaire lancé en 2006, interrompu lors du déroulement de l’ANR Sénélangues. Cette journée est ouverte à tout type d’études autour des langues atlantiques. L’objectif est de réunir des linguistes qui travaillent régulièrement ou temporairement sur des langues de la famille atlantique ou sur des thématiques en lien avec ces langues. Les communications peuvent porter sur des études en cours d’élaboration ou des analyses achevées, sur des problématiques diachroniques ou synchroniques… Tout le monde peut proposer une intervention, les chercheurs les plus aguerris comme les débutants. Cette journée peut être l’occasion d’une amorce pour un jeune chercheur ou d’un nouveau projet. Vous pouvez aussi simplement venir écouter les autres et échanger, même si vous n’avez rien cette fois à présenter.


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ven. 29/06/2018 Réunion Interne
découvrir RefLex
10h-12h
ISH

Le projet RefLex a pour objectif de mettre à la disposition de la communauté scientifique un corpus lexical de référence pour les langues d'Afrique, ainsi que des outils de traitement et d'analyse adaptés à ce corpus. Dans le cadre de la visite de Guillaume SEGERER au laboratoire fin Juin, Nous vous proposons un atelier de découverte de cette plateforme.


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ven. 29/06/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe - Extension de la transitivité
14h-16h
ISH, salle Frossard

Geny Gonzalez (DDL) : “Transitivity in Namtrik” This talk addresses the role of transitivity in Namtrik, a Barbacoan language spoken in the Colombian Andes. In the first part of the talk, I discuss the properties of the core grammatical functions, which show in general the characteristics of a nominative-accusative language. In the second part of the talk, I describe a semantic split in alignment in experience verbs, which makes a distinction between egophoric and non-egophoric subjects. For this verb class, there are two different constructions: (1) a construction for non-egophoric subjects, showing the same basic intransitive coding of a monovalent verb and (2) a construction for egophoric subjects, showing a transitive coding where the egophoric “subject” is coded in the dative case and the experiencer is indexed in the verb.


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