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ven. 14/04/2017 Atelier Morphosyntaxe -- Imperatives & commands
Brigitte Pakendorf: The imperative domain in Even (and beyond)
14h-16h
ISH, Ennat Léger

Even is a Northern Tungusic language spoken in small dispersed communities spread over northeastern Siberia, with a high degree of dialectal fragmentation. This talk is based on data from two peripheral dialects – the Lamunkhin dialect from the western edge of the language's distribution and the Bystraja dialect from the eastern periphery – which differ considerably at all levels. The imperative domain consists of the canonical 2nd person imperative, 1st person hortative, 3rd person jussive, as well as an admonitive mood. The canonical imperative comprises two forms, one for commands that have immediate time reference, the other with distant future reference. This formal distinction between immediate future and distant future reference is also found for 1pl hortatives in the Lamunkhin dialect. In my data, the admonitive mood is practically restricted to the Bystraja dialect, where it expresses a warning to avoid the undesirable consequence of an action. Depending on the availability of time, I will end with a brief discussion of the areal distribution of the immediate future/distant future distinction in imperatives. As will be shown, this feature can plausibly be traced to Evenki and Even structural influence in the absence of borrowing of any forms.




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