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ven. 06/12/2019 Atelier "Méthodes" - NIRS (Near-infrared spectroscopy)- ANNULE
11-h-12h
ISH - Salle Frossard

Atelier annulé




ven. 06/12/2019 Negative markers in Kilimanjaro Bantu (E60)
14h-16h
ISH, salle Ennat Léger
Conférence de :
  • Gérard Philippson (DDL)
dans le cadre DTT : Atelier morphosyntaxe

In spite of considerable diversity, a "canonical" pattern can be proposed for the negative constructions of many Bantu languages (Meeussen, 1969, Kamba Muzenga 1981), i.e.

(1) NEG(ative)-S(ubject)C(oncord)-T(ense)A(spect)M(ood)-STEM for verb forms in main clauses
(2) SC-NEG-TAM-STEM for dependent, hortative, sequential etc. forms
However, a number of Bantu languages exhibit quite different strategies, at least for (1) where an initial NEG marker is not found or at least not obligatory, and negation is marked by clause-final elements (for a very complete survey see Devos and van de Auwera, 2013).
K(ilimanjaro) B(antu) languages (E60 + E74a in the Guthrie-Maho classification) spoken in north-eastern Tanzania are such languages. After a presentation of the KB languages, the talk will show that if non-main negative verb forms are quite similar to the "canonical" pattern in (2) above, the negative forms in main clauses are surprisingly diverse among the various languages of the group; nevertheless most languages have a post-verbal negative marker, seemingly or possibly of locative origin.
The talk will then concentrate on the Gweno language (E65) which offers the best example of a complete system of post-verbal negative markers based on clitics apparently originating in personal pronouns and try to evaluate its relationship with the markers found in the rest of the group

References
Devos, Maud & Johan van der Auwera. 2013. Jespersen cycles in Bantu: double and triple negation. Journal of African Languages and linguistics, 34(2): 205-274
Kamba Muzenga, Jean-Georges. 1981. Les formes verbales négatives dans les langues bantoues. Tervuren: Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale
Meussen, Achille E. 1967. Bantu grammatical reconstructions. Africana Linguistica, 3: 80-122
Philippson, Gérard & Derek Nurse. 2000. Gweno, a little-known Bantu language of northern Tanzania. Kulikoyela Kahigi et al. (eds.) Lugha za Tanzania / Languages of Tanzania. Leiden: CNWS, 233-84
Philippson, Gérard & Marie-Laure Montlahuc.2003. Kilimanjaro Bantu (E60 and E74).Derek Nurse & Gérard Philippson (eds.) The Bantu Languages. New York/London: Routledge, 475-500.


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