Atelier Morphosyntaxe -- Imperatives & commands
Antoine Guillaume : A preliminary investigation of directive moods in Tacana(Takanan family, Amazonian Bolivia)
ISH, Ennat Léger
Tacana has a complex morphological system on the verb for encoding directive force. The system is made of prefixes (me- or pa-), suffixes (-ke, -ji or -ja), and a clause initial particle (be), which combine in different ways in order to yield four distinct directive categories (imperative, prohibitive, restricted hortative and extended hortative) which are specified for the number (singular, dual or plural) of the performer: imperative-ke (2SG) and me-…-ke (2DL/PL), prohibitivebe …-ji (2SG) and be me-…ji (2DL/PL), restricted hortativeme- (1DL.INCL, 1SG→2SG) and me-…-ja (1PL.INCL) and extended hortativepa- (1DL.INCL, 1DL.EXCL, 1SG and 3SG/DL/PL) and pa-…-ja (1PL.INCL and 1PL.EXCL). The talk will discuss all four directive categories with a particular focus on the extended hortative category, which partly overlaps functionally with the restricted hortative and which can also be used in purpose clauses.