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jeu. 29/11/2018 Séminaire du laboratoire
Reducing language to rhythm: Bora drum communication
Frank Seifart (CNRS-DDL)
ISH - Espace Marc Bloch

The Bora from the northwest Amazon transmit messages across long distances by emulating tonal and rhythmic patterns of spoken Bora in sequences of drumbeats. But the two phonological tones represented in drummed Bora encode only few lexical contrasts. Therefore, rhythmic patterns play a crucial role: Four rhythmic units are encoded in the length of pauses between beats, which correspond to vowel-to-vowel intervals with different numbers of consonants and vowel lengths. To avoid remaining ambiguities (tonally and rhythmically identical ‘drum homophones’), Bora drummed messages are constructed following fairly strict schemes and various rhythmically distinct markers are applied to distinguish words. Bora drummed speech provides novel evidence for the role of rhythmic structures in the complex puzzle concerning the redundancy and distinctiveness of acoustic features embedded in speech.


ven. 30/11/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Typologie sémantique
14h - 15h30
ISH - salle André Frossard

The encoding of dynamic deixis in descriptive and dialogical motion expressions in Standard Chinese and Beijing Mandarin: A preliminary analysis


The deictic motion morphemes, verbs lái/qù and particles lai/qu, play an important role in the linguistic encoding of dynamic deixis. Previous studies (Chao 1968, Lù 1985, 1989/1993, Lamarre 2008, Zhang 2010, Zhu 1982/1999) have examined the usage and distribution of these deictic morphemes in different constructions. Research conducted by these scholars consisted of different types of corpora, including both spoken data (e.g., crosstalk, interviews, TV series) and written data (e.g., plays, short stories). However, there are relatively few studies that compare data belonging to distinct discourse modalities (e.g., description vs. dialogue). By comparing stimuli-based and TV series-based data in Standard Chinese and in Beijing Mandarin, this paper aims to examine (1) the proportion (presence vs. absence) of the encoding of dynamic deixis; and (2) the usage and distribution of deictic morphemes in their different functions, mainly deictic verbs and deictic particles (including satellites/directional complements and purposive particles) in the two data sets. By doing so, the aim is to investigate different morphosyntactic strategies used in the descriptive and dialogical data and to provide an initial hypothesis of the factors conditioning both the usage and the distributions of dynamic deixis in relation with the two discourse modalities.

To conduct the analysis, the study is based on the corpus composed of (1) motion events descriptions elicited with two visual stimuli, namely, “Trajectoire” (2004) (714 clauses) and “Put & Take” (2006) (800 clauses), and (2) motion events sentences extracted from two TV series, respectively, Married for ten years (2002) (1025 clauses), and Loquacious Zhang Damin’s Happy Life (1998) (967 clauses). The first set of data concerns Standard Chinese and the second set of data comprises both Standard Chinese and Beijing Mandarin.

First, the analysis reveals that the linguistic encoding of dynamic deixis in the expressions of motion events is more frequent in TV series-based data (97.2% in Married for ten years and 87.8% in Loquacious Zhang Damin's Happy Life) than in stimuli-based data (31.6% in "Trajectoire" and 20.8% in "Put & Take"). Second, the analysis uncovers different morphosyntactic strategies used to encode dynamic deixis in descriptive vs. dialogical data. Descriptive data shows a very strong preference for the Satellite-framed patterns in which dynamic deixis is expressed in a particle (100% in "Trajectoire" and 98.8% in "Put & Take"). However, the distribution of the Satellite-framed pattern and the Verb-framed pattern in which dynamic deixis is expressed in the verb is quite comparable in dialogical data (deictic verbs account for 40%, deictic satellites 41.5%, purposive particles 18.5% in Married for ten years, and 28% vs. 54% vs. 18% in Loquacious Zhang Damin’s Happy Life respectively). Last but not the least, based on these preliminary findings, I would like to put forward a hypothesis according to which there is a strong correlation between the use and distribution of the deictic motion morphemes and the different types of data: the dialogical data is more context-based and involves more interactions, changes of locations and perspectives among the interlocutors; while the descriptive data is more homogeneous in that speakers describing motion events performed by the protagonists in the video-clips adopt the third person's perspective.


ven. 07/12/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Typologie sémantique
ISH - salle André Frossard

The encoding of motion events in Basque: a preliminary work
Andreas BUSI (Università degli studi di Pavia)

The goal of this work is to give an overview of the morphological and lexical resources of Basque involved in the encoding of motion events. In the first part of the talk, the focus will be on the unidimensional spatial case system of Basque and its tripartite distinction between location, destination of movement and source of movement; we will attempt to provide a cognitive explanation for the behaviour of the subsystem of spatial cases, which takes different forms for animate beings and inanimate objects. In the second part, the presentation will concentrate on the rich inventory of postpositions and locational nouns used to specify the spatial configuration. After a brief description of place adverbs in Basque, the focus will go on the verb: conjugation in Basque is mainly analytical, resulting from the combination of non-finite verb forms with auxiliaries; there are a few verbs which can take the synthetic form, with the conjugation marks attached directly to the lexical verb. Basque verbs, including those expressing motion, present a pervasive lability and have both transitive and intransitive uses in their underived form, but there is also a productive causative derivation. Regarding the morphological structure, we can divide motion verbs in four categories: underived motion verbs, causative motion verbs (used to express indirect caused motion), compound verbs (formed by a non-verbal word - noun or adverb - and the verb egin ‘make’) and motion verbs derived from nouns.


jeu. 13/12/2018 Réunion Interne
Conseil de Laboratoire
MSH, Salle Ennat Leger

ven. 14/12/2018 Réunion Interne
Reunion HELAN2 pour preparation projet quinquennial
ISH Y.Saulnier

ven. 14/12/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe
ISH, salle Frossard

Colette Grinevald (DDL): "About a “working typology” of classification systems: the challenge of NW Amazonian systems" NW Amazonian systems of nominal classifications have posed a challenge to the establishment of a typology of classification systems since the early work of Derbyshire and Payne (1990). Various positions have been taken to characterize them (Aikhenvald 2003, Seifart and Payne 2007 inter alia). The talk will address the concept of a working typology that situates the diverse propositions in time/space as well as sociolinguistic context (Grinevald and Seifart 2004), consider the widespread ongoing terminological confusion (Grinevald 2000, 2015) and offer some ways of finding a place for the hybrid systems typical of the region within a general typology of classification systems.

Contact... En savoir plus…

lun. 17/12/2018 Atelier LED TDR « Retour/préparation de terrain »

Minella Duzerol, doctorante : martiniquais, France
Léa Mouton, doctorante : hmong noir, Vietnam
Galla Althabegoity, master 2 : ngbugu, Centrafrique
Lucie Malartre, master 2 : variété régionale d’hindi, Inde


mar. 18/12/2018 Réunion Interne
Réunion DENDY de concertation sur l'évaluation HCERES quinquennale
MSH-LSE, salle Frossard

jeu. 20/12/2018 Présentation du DDL aux étudiants du Master SDL
MSH, Espace Marc Bloch


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