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ven. 17/03/2017 Atelier typologie sémantique -- Quels stimuli expérimentaux pour quels objectifs et quels résultats? M. Vuillermet
11h00 - 12h00
Salle B. Albrecht, 16 av. Berthelot

(rattrapage de la session du 10 mars) The goal of this seminar is to collaboratively elaborate a kit of experimental stimuli in the framework of semantic typology. While the general description of a language requires to be based on a balanced corpora (e.g. Himmelmann 1998), the semantic exploration of the language can undoubtedly be facilitated by experimental stimuli, especially non-linguistic ones (Lüpke 2009; Majid 2012; Ponsonnet 2014). Such stimuli not only help to seize semantic specificities in a language, but also allow to investigate variation within a community and may facilitate crosslinguistic comparison.

The specific domain to be considered in this seminar is the “apprehensional domain” or the grammatical expression of fear, defined as a judgement of undesirable possibility (Vuillermet Accepted). Apprehensional morphology is so far little known in the literature (see for e.g. Plank’s 2013 call), probably for some of the following reasons: heterogeneous terminology, infrequency in corpora and (consequently) short accounts (if any) in grammatical descriptions. However, a preliminary crosslinguistic investigation shows that such morphemes are present in a number of languages, especially in the Amazonian and Australian areas.

The collaborative reflection on an adequate stimuli will not only benefit from the various fieldwork experience of the DDL field linguists, but also from its psycholinguists. The seminar will be organized as follows:

  • 1st session (17/02): Introduction of the apprehensional domain and the parameters to be considered
  • 2nd session (10/03): Presentation of experimental stimuli in Psycholinguistics (by N. Bedouin)
  • 3rd session (17/03): Broad typology of materials used in field linguistics (by M. Vuillermet)
  • 4th session (31/03): Participative session on the participants’ own experience with stimuli and associated discussion
  • 5th session (21/04): Brainstorming on possible stimuli targeting the apprehensional domain.

Himmelmann, Nikolaus. 1998. Documentary and Descriptive Linguistics. Linguistics 36. 161–195.
Lüpke, Friederike. 2009. Research methods in language documentation. Language Documentation and Description 6. 53–100.
Majid, Asifa. 2012. A guide to stimulus-based elicitation for semantic categories. In Nicholas Thieberger (ed.),The Oxford handbook of linguistic fieldwork, 54–71. New York: Oxford University Press.
Plank, Frans. 2013. What exactly is ...? A new feature: Call for contributions. Linguistic Typology 17(2). 267–268.
Ponsonnet, Maïa. 2014. Documenting the language of emotions in Dalabon (Northern Australia): Caveats, solutions and benefits. In Aicha Belkadi, Kakia Chatsiou & Kirsty Rowan (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory 4, 1–13. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Verstraete, Jean-Christophe. 2005. The semantics and pragmatics of composite mood marking: The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia. Linguistic Typology 9(2).
Vuillermet, Marine. Accepted. The apprehensional domain in Ese ejja: making the case for a typological domain? In Maïa Ponsonnet & Marine Vuillermet (eds.). Special issue in Studies in Language -- Morphemes and Emotions across the World’s Languages. 27p.

ven. 17/03/2017 Atelier Morphosyntaxe -- Imperatives & commands
Geny Gonzales (DDL) on Nam Trik (Barbacoan, Colombia)
Noé Gasparini (DDL) on Siriono (Tupi-Guarani, Bolivia)
ISH, Ennat Léger

Imperatives on Nam Trik (Barbacoan, Colombia)
The aim of this talk is to present some data about the imperatives in Nam Trik, a Barbacoan language spoken in the Colombian Andes. Nam Trik has specialized morphology for a second person imperative, with two forms, one for singular ‘IMP.SG’ and one for plural -ai ‘IMP.PL’, and a polite imperative with only one form for singular and plural -tro. This language also has a specialized construction for first person plural imperatives and another construction for imperative third person marked with the permissive morpheme -pash.

Directives in Siriono
The analysis of imperative in Siriono started in Berkeley in 2015 and was driven by the Speech act theory. Exploring how manipulative speech-acts are expressed grammatically in this Tupi-Guarani language led me to consider one canonical imperative and subcategories. A set of clitics are included in the study, some as directive force modifiers, others as the expression of a desire, a function often considered as part of the directive field but a separate domain in Siriono.


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