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20/2/2018
ven. 23/02/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Morphosyntaxe - Extension de la transitivité
14h-16h
ISH, salle Frossard

Sylvia Tufvesson (MPI Nijmegen): The role of transitivity in syntactic alignment in Semai (Austroasiatic, Malaysia) Short abstract: This talk will address the role of transitivity in syntactic alignment in Semai, an Austroasiatic language of Peninsular Malaysia. I will examine the importance, or non-importance, of transitivity in case marking of the clausal subject. Current data and analysis suggest an alignment pattern split between ergative and active. In addition to a potential split in alignment, Semai makes a fundamental distinction between active events (processes) versus inactive events (states and completed events). This split strongly resembles a division between situation types/aspect. The relation between a split in alignment and that between situation types will also be examined.


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ven. 02/03/2018 Journal Club Dendy Présentation de Noemi De Pasquale Spatial metaphors we live by. Everyday transfers in language and thought.
12h30
ISH

Based   on   certain   assumptions   of   Western   philosophy,   metaphors   have   been traditionally  described  as  stylistic  devices  employed  in  literary  and  poetic  contexts  in order  to  fulfil  aesthetic  purposes.  Since  the  second  half  of  the  20th  century,  however, Cognitive  Linguistics  has  been  challenging  this  classical  view  by  reinterpreting  metaphors as  the  basis  of  the  whole  human  conceptual  system,  a  matter  of  thought  and  action  rather than a “mere”  figure  of speech. Ever  since  the  publication  of  the  first  important  study  in  the  field,  i.e.  Lakoff  & Johnson's   Metaphors  we  live  by  (1980),  on  which  this  presentation  is  largely  based, metaphor  has  become  one  of  the  most  fascinating  subjects  of  contemporary  research  in linguistics,  cognitive  sciences, philosophy  and  psychology, among  others. This  talk  aims  to  draw  a  preliminary  sketch  on  the  Contemporary  Theory  of    Metaphor (cf.  Lakoff  &  Johnson  1980;  Lakoff  1987,  1993;  Forceville  &  UriosAparisi  2009,  inter  alia), with  special  reference  to  the  transfers  from  the  source  domain  of  Space  and  Motion  to more  abstract  target  domains (e.g. Sound,  Time,  Emotions). After  an  introduction  on  the  features  and  operating  principles  of  conceptual  metaphors, I  will  present  some  spacerelated  patterns,  and  discuss  their  physical  and  experiential grounding  in  the  light  of  the  Embodied  Cognition  Theory  (cf.  Johnson  1987;  Lakoff  & Johnson 1999,  inter  alia). This  presentation  has  the  threefold  purpose  of  (1)  providing  an  introduction  on Cognitive  Metaphor,  (2)  examining  some  of  the  most  pervasive  spatial  metaphors  in  our everyday  language,  and  (3) preparing  the  ground  for  further  research in this domain. 

References
Johnson,  M.  (1987).  The  body  in  the  mind:  The  bodily  basis  of  meaning,  imagination,  and  reason. Chicago: University  of Chicago  Press. 
Lakoff,  G.  (1987).  Women,  fire,  and  dangerous  things:  What  categories  reveal  about  the  mind. Chicago: University  of Chicago  Press. Lakoff,  G.  (1993).  The  contemporary  theory  of  metaphor.  In  A.  Ortony  (Ed.),  Metaphor  and thought  (pp. 202251). 2nd  ed. Cambridge: Cambridge  University  Press.
Lakoff,  G.  &  Johnson,  M.  (1980).  Metaphors  We  Live  By.  Chicago:  University  of  Chicago Press.
Lakoff,  G.  &  Johnson,  M.  (1999).  Philosophy  in  the  Flesh:  The  Embodied  Mind  and  Its  Challenge to  Western  Thought.  New  York: Basic.
UriosAparisi,  E.  &  Forceville,  C.  J.  (2009).   Multimodal  Metaphor.  Berlin:  Mouton  de Gruyter.


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ven. 02/03/2018 Séminaire DTT - Atelier Typologie sémantique
Frank Seifart (DDL)
14h30-16h
ISH - salle Ennat Léger


Dressing and undressing events cross-linguistically

In this talk I present ongoing work in collaboration with Sara Mitschke and Hans-Jörg Bibiko, which explores the linguistic categorization of events of putting on and taking off clothes and accessories. This study is based on responses of 5 speakers each from 30 different languages to stimulus material consisting of 32 short video clips. The main results of this study are: Firstly, languages vary drastically in the degree of linguistic differentiation of these events, which may be related to typological characteristics such as verb- vs. sattelite frame). Secondly, putting-on events are far more differentiated than taking-off events, reflecting the source-goal asymmetry. And thirdly, tight vs. loose fit is an important distinction in this semantic domain.


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