Atelier LED-TDR : The Role of the Myanmar Language as a Medium of Instruction in Higher Education - Professor Thant Sin Aye,
Deputy Director General, National Education Policy Commission
ISH - Berty Albrecht (100A)
This study brings into focus the position of the Myanmar Language as a medium of instruction at the undergraduate level in six institutions. This research attempts to examine the attitudes and perceptions of teachers and learners to the medium of instruction in teaching academic disciplines. The main objective of this paper is to explore the current situations of teaching-learning process using a Myanmar medium of instruction in higher education. The tools which were used to collect data are questionnaires and interview with teachers and students from six different institutions: University of Yangon, Yangon University of Foreign Languages, Yangon University of Education, Yangon University of Economics, University of Medicine 1 and Myanmar Maritime University. The results of the study showed that although the texts and handouts are in English, Myanmar is regularly used as the medium of instruction in undergraduate classes. It seems to be quite helpful for students to understand the content of texts if the instruction is in Myanmar. Most of the participants in this research assumed that using bilingual medium of instruction will be more effective than monolingual one at higher education level. It is found that Myanmar as a medium of instruction in classrooms at higher education level is still of great importance in the context. However, it should be considered that English Medium Instruction will be more applicable than Myanmar Medium Instruction in higher institutions to study for a professional development of the faculty and students.